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PHP 5.4.x Handbuch


MongoCollection::find

(PECL mongo >=0.9.0)

MongoCollection::findQuerys this collection, returning a MongoCursor for the result set

Beschreibung

public MongoCursor MongoCollection::find ([ array $query = array() [, array $fields = array() ]] )

Parameter-Liste

query

The fields for which to search. MongoDB's query language is quite extensive. The PHP driver will in almost all cases pass the query straight through to the server, so reading the MongoDB core docs on » find is a good idea.

Warnung

Please make sure that for all special query operators (starting with $) you use single quotes so that PHP doesn't try to replace "$exists" with the value of the variable $exists.

fields

Fields of the results to return. The array is in the format array('fieldname' => true, 'fieldname2' => true). The _id field is always returned.

Rückgabewerte

Returns a cursor for the search results.

Beispiele

Beispiel #1 MongoCollection::find() example

This example demonstrates how to search for a range.

<?php

$m 
= new Mongo();
$db $m->selectDB('test');
$collection = new MongoCollection($db'phpmanual');

// search for documents where 5 < x < 20
$rangeQuery = array('x' => array( '$gt' => 5'$lt' => 20 ));

$cursor $collection->find($rangeQuery);
foreach (
$cursor as $doc) {
    
var_dump($doc);
}

?>

Das oben gezeigte Beispiel erzeugt folgende Ausgabe:

array(2) {
  ["_id"]=>
  object(MongoId)#10 (1) {
    ["$id"]=>
    string(24) "4ebc3e3710b89f2349000000"
  }
  ["x"]=>
  int(12)
}
array(2) {
  ["_id"]=>
  object(MongoId)#11 (1) {
    ["$id"]=>
    string(24) "4ebc3e3710b89f2349000001"
  }
  ["x"]=>
  int(12)
}

See MongoCursor for more information how to work with cursors.

Beispiel #2 MongoCollection::find() example using $where

This example demonstrates how to search a collection using javascript code to reduce the resultset.

<?php

$m 
= new Mongo();
$db $m->selectDB('test');
$collection = new MongoCollection($db'phpmanual');

$js "function() {
    return this.name == 'Joe' || this.age == 50;
}"
;
$cursor $collection->find(array('$where' => $js));
foreach (
$cursor as $doc) {
    
var_dump($doc);
}

?>

Das oben gezeigte Beispiel erzeugt folgende Ausgabe:

array(3) {
  ["_id"]=>
  object(MongoId)#7 (1) {
    ["$id"]=>
    string(24) "4ebc3e3710b89f2349000002"
  }
  ["name"]=>
  string(3) "Joe"
  ["age"]=>
  int(20)
}

Beispiel #3 MongoCollection::find() example using $in

This example demonstrates how to search a collection using the $in operator.

<?php

$m 
= new Mongo();
$db $m->selectDB('test');
$collection = new MongoCollection($db'phpmanual');

$cursor $collection->find(array(
    
'name' => array('$in' => array('Joe''Wendy'))
));

?>

Das oben gezeigte Beispiel erzeugt folgende Ausgabe:

array(3) {
  ["_id"]=>
  object(MongoId)#7 (1) {
    ["$id"]=>
    string(24) "4ebc3e3710b89f2349000002"
  }
  ["name"]=>
  string(3) "Joe"
  ["age"]=>
  int(20)
}

Beispiel #4 Getting results as an array

This returns a MongoCursor. Often, when people are starting out, they are more comfortable using an array. To turn a cursor into an array, use the iterator_to_array() function.

<?php

$m 
= new Mongo();
$db $m->selectDB('test');
$collection = new MongoCollection($db'phpmanual');

$cursor $collection->find();
$array iterator_to_array($cursor);

?>

Das oben gezeigte Beispiel erzeugt folgende Ausgabe:

array(3) {
  ["4ebc40af10b89f5149000000"]=>
  array(2) {
    ["_id"]=>
    object(MongoId)#6 (1) {
      ["$id"]=>
      string(24) "4ebc40af10b89f5149000000"
    }
    ["x"]=>
    int(12)
  }
  ["4ebc40af10b89f5149000001"]=>
  array(2) {
    ["_id"]=>
    object(MongoId)#11 (1) {
      ["$id"]=>
      string(24) "4ebc40af10b89f5149000001"
    }
    ["x"]=>
    int(12)
  }
  ["4ebc40af10b89f5149000002"]=>
  array(3) {
    ["_id"]=>
    object(MongoId)#12 (1) {
      ["$id"]=>
      string(24) "4ebc40af10b89f5149000002"
    }
    ["name"]=>
    string(3) "Joe"
    ["age"]=>
    int(20)
  }
}

Using iterator_to_array() forces the driver to load all of the results into memory, so do not do this for result sets that are larger than memory!

Also, certain system collections do not have an _id field. If you are dealing with a collection that might have documents without _ids, pass FALSE as the second argument to iterator_to_array() (so that it will not try to use the non-existent _id values as keys).

Siehe auch




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